Marion Cecilia Van De Vries

Marion Cecilia Van De Vries


MC= 19hundred….

VD=495? V=5 = <- … –> back 5 then forth 5 …. meaning 10 / of 49… that is: 1949 minus 5 plus 5: 1945-1954

Hiroshima 1945 atom bomb brought the MASTERS OF WISDOM:

Convention de La Haye (1954)

Convention de la Haye pour la protection des biens culturels, 1954


its the BEGINNING of the

Communauté européenne

with the simplest of versions: UNIFICATION!!!!!!!!!




CE (1954)

La dénomination « Communauté européenne »  a remplacé celle de

CEE (1992/3)

« Communauté économique européenne » le 1er novembre 1993

Maastricht Treaty (1992–2007)

Lisbon Treaty (2007–present)

French: L’entrée en vigueur du traité de Lisbonne le 1er décembre 2009 a mis fin à la Communauté européenne en tant qu’entité juridique, sa personnalité juridique étant transférée à l’Union européenne qui en était dépourvue jusque-là.

English: The entry into force of the Lisbon Treatyon 1 st December 2009 ended the European Community as a legal entity, its legal personality being transferred to the European Union that had not been before.

*England is NOT part of the !!: 

UE (1945-2009) work to finalize in 2009

UE= l’Union européenne, Union Europea,

EU =  European Union, Europäische Union


In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.[21]


The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market,[11]enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade,[12]agriculture,[13] fisheries, and regional development.[14] Within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished.[15] A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.



What is excluded:

England (GB),

Vatican City (!).

USA (Federal Reserve: International BANKING, Stocks) / Suisse/Switzerland


The relations between Switzerland and the European Union (EU) are framed by a series of bilateral treaties whereby the Swiss Confederation has adopted various provisions of European Union law in order to participate in the Union’s single market.

In February 2014, the Swiss voted in a referendum to introduce quotas for all migrants in Switzerland. Such a quota system would, if implemented, violate the agreement between Switzerland and the European Union on the free movement of persons, and so terminate all the various bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the European Union.


Pound sterling


Swiss franc

Regularly used as a global reserve currency, the Swiss Franc is the sixth most traded currency in the world.

US currency

US Dollar

TLC: Traitee of Free Commerce USA-CANADA-MEXICO

conversion rate

EURO-DOLLAR  (euro down – dollar up)

MEX PESOS – EURO  (Mex pesos down – dollar up)


Why is the Vatican City its own country?

1. Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. 2. Currency: Euro 3. PROPERTY:

Economy of Vatican City – Wikipedia

The unique, noncommercial economy of Vatican City is supported financially by contributions (known as Peter’s Pence) from Roman Catholics throughout the …

Economic aid‎: ‎Peter’s Pence
Fiscal year‎: ‎Calendar year
Revenues‎: ‎$308 million (2011)